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Pharm Sci. 2021;27(3): 326-338.
doi: 10.34172/PS.2020.101
  Abstract View: 205
  PDF Download: 54

Research Article

Anti-Inflammatory and Analgesic Activities of 7-Chloro-4-(Piperazin-1-yl) Quinoline Derivative Mediated by Suppression of InflammatoryMediators Expression in Both RAW 264.7 and Mouse Models

Mona Elsayed Aboutabl 1* ORCID logo, Ahmed Ragab Hamed 2, Mohamed Farouk Hamissa 3,4, Emad Khairy Ahmed 5

1 Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department (Pharmacology Group), Pharmaceutical and Drug Industries Research Division, National Research Centre (ID: 60014618), 33 El Bohouth St., P.O. 12622, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
2 Chemistry of Medicinal Plants Department, National Research Centre, 33 El-Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt; Biology Unit, Central Laboratory for Pharmaceutical and Drug Industries Research Division, National Research Centre (ID: 60014618), 33 El Bohouth St., P.O. 12622, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
3 Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department, Pharmaceutical and Drug Industries Research Division, National Research Centre (ID: 60014618), 33 El Bohouth St., P.O. 12622, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
4 Department of Biomolecular Spectroscopy, Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic.
5 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, P.O. 11566, Cairo, Egypt.

Abstract

Background: 4-Aminoquinoline derivatives possess various potential biological properties.The introduction of additional piperazine heterocyclic pharmacophoric moiety tends to haveprofound impact in increasing the activity. The present work was undertaken to investigate thein-vitro and in-vivo anti-inflammatory activity as well as the peripheral and central analgesicactivities of compound 1-(4-(7-chloroquinoline-4-yl)piperazin-1-yl)-2-(4-phenylpiperazin-1-yl)ethanone (5) in experimental models.

Methods: The percentage inhibition of the lipopolysaccharide induced NO release of 7-chloro-4-(piperazin-1-yl)quinoline derivatives 1-9 was determined in RAW 264.7 murine macrophagemodel. Western blot analysis was performed to evaluate the effect of compound 5 on proteinexpression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Gene expression of inflammatory markerswas evaluated using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The peripheral and central analgesicactivities of compound 5 were evaluated in mice using writhing and hot-plate tests, respectively.Anti-inflammatory activity was assessed using carrageenan-induced paw edema assay in miceand serum NO and COX-2 levels were measured.

Results: Compound 5 demonstrated the highest NO inhibitory activity that was accompaniedby inhibition of iNOS protein expression and decreased gene expression levels of inflammatorymarkers. It revealed a potential peripheral analgesic effect through inhibition of abdominalwrithing in mice treated with doses of 15 and 30 mg/kg and its effect was comparable to diclofenacsodium. Compound 5 possessed an analgesic activity starting from 15 min post administrationand reached its peak at 45 min which was significantly higher than that of tramadol hydrochloridesuggesting its potential as central analgesic agent. It also showed percentage of inhibition ofedema of 34, 50 and 64% at 1, 2, and 3 h respectively, post carrageenan challenge together with asignificant decrease in serum NO and COX-2 levels.

Conclusion: The remarkable anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of compound 5 couldbe attributed to the advantageous introduction of the heterocyclic 7-chloro-4-(piperazin1-yl)quinoline scaffold incorporated with N-phenylpiperzine functional groups linked together withthe ethanone pharmacophoric chain.

Keywords: Nitric oxide, Anti-inflammatory‎, Analgesic‎, ‎7-chloro-4-(piperazin-1-yl)quinolines
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Submitted: 12 Oct 2020
Revision: 19 Dec 2020
Accepted: 21 Dec 2020
ePublished: 30 Dec 2020
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