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Pharm Sci. 2021;27(3): 313-325.
doi: 10.34172/PS.2020.92
  Abstract View: 97
  PDF Download: 55

Research Article

Correction of Mitochondrial Dysfunction by 4-Hydroxy-3,5-Ditretbutyl Cinnamic Acid in Experimental Alzheimer’s Disease Induced by Aβ Injection in Rats

Dmitry Igorevich Pozdnyakov 1* ORCID logo, Andrey Voronkov 2

1 Department of Pharmacology, Pyatigorsk Medical and Pharmaceutical Institutem, Pyatigorsk, Russia.
2 Medical College, Volgograd State Medical University, Volgograd, Russia.

Abstract

Background: Alzheimer’s disease is the main form of dementia, which affects more than46 million people every year. In the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease, a significant roleplayed mitochondrial dysfunction, which is a promising pharmacotherapeutic target ofneuroprotective therapy. In this regard, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of the 4-hydroxy-3,5-ditretbutyl cinnamic acid on changes of mitochondrial function in experimental Alzheimer’sdisease induced by Aβ injection in rats.

Methods: Alzheimer’s disease was modeled on Wistar rats by injecting a fragment of β-amyloid(Aß 1-42) into the CA1 part of the hippocampus. The test-compound (4-hydroxy-3,5-ditretbutylcinnamic acid, 100 mg/kg, per os) and the reference drugs (resveratrol, 20 mg/kg, per os andEGB671, 100 mg/kg, per os) were administered for 60 days after surgery. The restoration of amemorable trace in animals was evaluated in the Morris water maze test. The concentrationof β -amyloid, Tau-protein, and changes in parameters characterizing mitochondrial function(cellular respiration, concentration of mitochondrial ROS, activity of apoptosis reactions(caspase-3 and apoptosis induced factor) were also determined.

Results: This study showed that the administration of 4-hydroxy-3,5-ditretbutyl cinnamic acidat a dose of 100 mg/kg (per os) in rats with reproduced Alzheimer’s disease contributed to thenormalization of mitochondrial respiratory function. It was expressed in the normalizationof aerobic metabolism, increased activity of respiratory complexes and stabilization ofmitochondrial membrane potential. Also, when animals were treated with 4-hydroxy-3,5-ditretbutyl cinnamic acid, there was a decrease in the concentration of intracellular calcium(by 39.7% (p<0.05)), the intensity of apoptosis reactions, and an increase of the latent time ofthe mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening (by 3.8 times (p<0.05)), and decreasesH2O2 concentration (by 21.2% (p<0.05)).

Conclusion: In the course of this study, it was found that 4-hydroxy-3,5-ditretbutyl cinnamicacid exceeds the value of neuroprotective action in compared to the reference agents –resveratrol (20 mg/kg) and Ginkgo biloba extract (EGB671, 100 mg/kg).

Keywords: Alzheimer's disease, Cinnamic acid derivatives, Mitochondrial dysfunction, Neuroprotection
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Submitted: 24 Aug 2020
Revision: 31 Oct 2020
Accepted: 31 Oct 2020
ePublished: 31 Oct 2020
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