Pharm Sci. 2016;22(2): 138-141.
doi: 10.15171/PS.2016.22

Scopus ID: 84977118625
  Abstract View: 946
  PDF Download: 853

Short Communication

Contact Toxicity and Chemical Composition of Essential Oil of Acantholimon scorpius

Ardalan Pasdaran Lashgari 1,2 * , Abbas Delazar 3, Farriba Hesmati Afshar 3, Dena Parsa 3

1 Medicinal Plants Processing Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Research and Development Center of Plants and Medicinal Chemistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
3 Department o f Pharmacognosy , Faculty o f Pharmacy , Tabriz University o f Medical Sciences , Tabriz , Iran


Background: Plumbaginaceae plants family is a valuable natural insecticidalcompound. This research focused on contact toxicity and chemical composition ofessential oil obtained from Acantholimon scorpus.Methods: The essential oil from the aerial parts of A. scorpius was extracted byhydrodistillation method and tested for their toxicity against Oryzeaphilus mercator(Coleoptera: Silvanidae) and Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenerbrionidae).Chemical compounds of the essential oil was analyzed by the gas chromatography-massspectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID).Results: The essential oil showed toxic effect on tested insects. This oil showed 90.0%mortality of O. mercator and 85.2% mortality of T. castaneum at a dose of 12 μl /l airafter 48h of exposure. The constituents of this oil were identified, representing morethan 82.9% of the total essential oil composition. Hexadecanoic acid, tetrahydrogeranylacetone and oleic acid were the main compounds of the essential oil.Conclusion: According to the result the essential oil of A. scorpius showed a noticeableinsecticidal activity in contact toxicity model.
Keywords: Gas chromatography, Mass spectroscopy, Essential oils, Acantholimon scorpius
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Submitted: 09 Sep 2015
Accepted: 01 Feb 2016
ePublished: 30 Jun 2016
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