Pharm Sci. 2019;25(1):78-81.
doi: 10.15171/PS.2019.12
  Abstract View: 119
  PDF Download: 192

Short Communication

Fatty Acid Profile of Roots and Aerial Parts of Ruscus hyrcanus Woronow

Mir Babak Bahadori 1 ORCiD, Solmaz Asnaashari 2 ORCiD, Hossein Nazemiyeh 3 * ORCiD

1 Medicinal Plants Research Center, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran.
2 Biotechnology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3 Research Center for Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology and Faculty of Pharmacy, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

Background: Ruscus specie are used as traditional medicine, food, and foliage. The aim of this work is the determination of fatty acid composition of Ruscus hyrcanus as a native medicinal plant of Iran for the first time together with comparison of different esterification methods. Methods: Two different esterification methods were used for preparation of esterified fatty acids from different extracts of underground and aerial parts of the herb. GC/MS analysis were used for identification and quantification of fatty acids. Finally, the results were compared. Results: Findings showed that R. hyrcanus is rich in essential fatty acids such as linoleic acid (13-25%) and linolenic acid (23-44%). Also, oil samples contain remarkable amount of palmitic acid (19-57%). Conclusion: The results showed that R. hyrcanus could be considered as a source of essential fatty acids. Also, it could be concluded that a simple esterification method with methanolic KOH and 2 min vortex is suitable for fatty acid analysis of Ruscus species.
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Submitted: 22 Sep 2018
Revised: 11 Nov 2018
Accepted: 25 Nov 2018
First published online: 18 Mar 2019
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